The morning of each workshop day will start with a keynote. We have invited two distinguished and hyper-active researchers to give keynote talks on a topics that might interest, inspire or provoke NWB’2016 participants.
Keynote 1 - Ronald Rousseau, University of Antwerp and KU Leuven
Title: Diversity measurement, knowledge integration and heterogeneity of networks
In this talk we discuss the notion of inequality (concentration, diversity). We begin by recalling the classical notions of a Lorenz curve, the Gini index and the Simpson index. Then we come to the problem that classical measures do not allow to refer to changes in diversity in terms of percentages. For this, one needs so-called “true” diversity measures. Using this notion we propose a definition of heterogeneity of networks. Yet, even these basic ‘true’ diversity measures do not capture the complete notion of diversity. Such measures must moreover take variety, balance and disparity into account. Following Leinster and Cobbold it is shown that a whole family of such measures exists. This is then applied to measure interdisciplinarity of articles based on their references. We conclude by stating that the use of proper diversity/interdisciplinarity indicators can be valuable in comparative studies of emergent fields such as nanotechnology and synthetic biology where claims of novelty and interdisciplinarity are often heard but rarely substantiated.
Ronald Rousseau was guest professor at University of Antwerp and at KU Leuven. He holds two PhDs: one in Mathematics and one in Library and Information Science. He has a broad set of research interests including almost all aspects of informetrics, scientometrics and bibliometrics, as well as mathematics and ecology. He publishes widely in these areas with a wide network of collaborators from all over the world. He has particularly strong relations to China, where he is honorary professor and guest professor at several universities. He was President of ISSI, the International Society for Scientometrics and Informetrics, in the period 2007-2015, and is the recipient of several prestigious awards and honours, including the Derek de Solla Price award for research in scientometrics. He is also editorial or advisory board member of the most central journals in the field of informetrics and a co-editor of the new open access Journal of Data and Information Science.
KEYNOTE 2 - David Budtz Pedersen, AALBORG UNIVERSITY COPENHAGEN
Title: Responsible Metrics for Open Human Science
Open communication has been a central cornerstone of research in the humanities and social sciences since the inception of modern universities. In our increasingly data-driven era, research practices and dissemination are facing new challenges as well as opportunities. In this talk I reflect upon the significance of the open science movement and the necessity of adjusting impact assessment frameworks to accommodate open science policy.
The talk discusses how openness in contemporary research practices may be used to create a set of more humane metrics, also referred to as humetrics, in order to gain a broader perspective on the impact of science. I argue for a more procedural, dynamic and responsible approach to research metrics, which includes ‘productive interactions’ rather than focusing merely on outputs and products. Among other things, this shift in emphasis requires a new understanding of knowledge circulation, which acknowledges the interconnectedness of research institutions, companies, civil society and public authorities. My discussion will draw upon research funded by the European Commission Horizon 2020 ACCOMPLISSH Project and the European Open Science Policy Platform.
David Budtz Pedersen is Associate Professor and Co-Director of the Humanomics Research Centre, Aalborg University Copenhagen. His current research focuses on research and innovation policy with a special interest in research evaluation, impact assessment, and Open Science and Innovation. He holds PhD, MA and BA degrees in philosophy and science policy studies. David Budtz has more than 75 entries on his list of publications ranging from research papers, research monographs, edited volumes, policy reports, op-ed columns, newspaper articles etc. In 2007, he became a member of the European Commission’s FP7 Programme Committee for the Socio-Economic Sciences and Humanities, dealing with analysis and priority-setting in SSH research. In 2012, he supported the Danish Presidency of the European Union in the areas of science and innovation, co-organising the high-level conference “Science in Dialogue” at University of Southern Denmark. More recently, David was the successful Bid Coordinator of Denmark’s campaign to host Europe's largest interdisciplinary conference Euroscience Open Forum 2014 in Copenhagen. Dr. Budtz Pedersen is regularly acting as policy adviser to European governments, funding agencies and knowledge-based companies. He tweets as @HumanomicsMap.
Due to illness the planned keynote by Jochen Gläzer on 'The social contexts of publication practices and the sociological contexts of bibliometrics' sadly had to be cancelled.